What is a Tech Stack | Does Your Business Need It?

By TheJustRead

Tech stack or technology stack is a term that many of us are familiar with but never understood what exactly they are used for.

A Tech Stack is a number of tools used to build and power up a mobile or a web application. It is a blend of programming language, libraries, frameworks, software, servers, and UI/UX solutions used by application developers. In an era where businesses are moving towards digitization, the tech stack is gaining importance for simplifying and improving business operations.

In terms of structure, the tech stack has two equal elements: front-end/ client-side and backend/ server-side. 

What is a Tech Stack Front-end?

The front-end allows for the interaction between the server-side and the user. The front-end technologies are the ones that are responsible for what the users see on their screens. The front-end development provides optimization, configuration, and operation of all the interface elements.

What is a Tech Stack Back-end?

The back-end is the part of the application which a user doesn’t get to interact with. The back-end is responsible for storing and managing data. This end is also responsible for facilitating the front end.

Some of the front-end technologies include; JavaScript, CSS, HTML/HTML5 and UI-frameworks. The backend technologies include; Programming languages, Databases, frameworks build over programming languages, Web server, Operating system, and Cloud infrastructures and services. When the two ends are combined, they develop a stack.

When you have a good tech stack, it will ensure that the work is done efficiently. For the tech stack to be effective for your business, you should make sure that you pick out the best tech stack that meets your requirement.

Below, we look at why you might want to consider investing in a tech stack, its benefits to your business, and how to choose one that best works for you.

Does Your Business Need a Tech Stack?

Every business has its growth objectives. To achieve these objectives, a company needs a well-selected tech stack. The tech stack will provide tools that make it easy for an organization to improve operations and gain a large market share. If you want to grow your business and improve your organization’s profitability, you should have a tech stack that is picked out with the organization’s needs in mind.

The top tech stack in 2020: Why it’s not so simple. https://t.co/fL6yAE68iW

— TechLead (@techleadhd) July 14, 2020

Benefits of Having a Tech Stack in Your Business

A Tech Stack Comes with a Raft of Useful Tools. A properly designed technology stack will offer you many organizational tools which include;

–   Communication tools that allow for streamlined communication within an organization. Better communication contributes to better results.

–   Human Resource management tools that will allow for easier management of your employees.

–   Finance management tools. Poor financial management is often a key reason for business failure. Tech stacks come with financial records keeping tools that will make financial management a lot easier.

Data Security

You don’t want to have a data breach in your business or organization. A well-designed data ecosystem sees to this. Your tech stack may also be designed to manage and analyze data for you.

Fast and efficient operations

As a company, one of the main concerns should be the efficiency and speed of operations. When you have a good tech stack, it will improve the speed of your operations, for instance, enabling automation of processes. You will work faster, which will result in better efficiency of the operations.

Allows for Intuitive Marketing Option

An organization cannot make sales unless people learn about their products and services. The growth of a company is also determined by the number of people that know the existence of a company and its products. When you have a tech stack, it allows for intuitive marketing, which gives the business exposure and increases sales.

Employee motivation

Employee turnover is among the main challenges that employers face. When a job is very challenging, employees tend to lose interest, and some just report for the paycheck. A good tech stack makes the employees work easier, and it also improves their productivity, which keeps them motivated.

Offers a competitive edge

It has become tough for new businesses to compete and for an established business to retain its market share. Having the right tech stack will offer you a competitive edge and increase the chances of gaining a significant market share.

Also Read: Future of Fintech

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Tech Stack for Your Business

The stage of your business

The technology stack plays an important role at each stage of the business. Each stage requires different solutions; for instance, when a business starts, the primary goals would be to launch the MVP (Minimum Viable Product) fast. Any of (CMS content management system) tool, language, or framework that will allow you to create a working prototype in a short time will be ideal.

Project Features and Requirements

When a company is developing a tech stack, it should take into consideration the purpose and size of the project. The larger the project, the more complex the tech stack should be. However, you should avoid loading a project with technologies that it does not require. Every tech stack should have the exact technologies that are required to carry out a task.

Resources and Experience

When you are choosing a tech stack, you need to think of your technical and architectural know-how. Before you pick out of the technology, you need to know the ins and outs of each and the different usage of the different technologies.

It is advisable to choose the technology that you are confident about. You should also choose one that you and your team have experience with. When they have the experience, it saves time that you would use learning on how to use new technology. Secondly, you need to think about the available resources for the implementation of your project. Choose a collection of technologies that are affordable and within your budget.

Architecture Scalability

The application’s architecture should be scalable. Scalability is the main determinant of whether the application can handle the number of technologies added to it. Scalability is in two categories; vertical and horizontal.

Vertical scalability refers to the ability to add new features to the application, while the horizontal scalability refers to the application’s ability to work on different gadgets. For good scalability, you should use powerful programming.

Maintenance Requirements

For an application to work effectively, it should be regularly maintained. The maintenance of the application is dependent on the architecture and codebase. The app should be easy to maintain even after you scale.

Data Security and Management

When one is using an application, they are always concerned about the safety of their data. When developing tech stacks, one must choose technologies that offer data security. This is particularly important when it comes to payments made online.

Development speed

The speed at which you want to have the project developed is also an issue that you should consider. If the project should be developed within a short time, then it is best is to choose ready for your tech stack. Ready-made solutions reduce the development time by third-party integration.

Time to market

Time to market is also an issue that is very important for startups. The faster a company can develop and launch an application, the more likely it will be to get exposure. Additionally, the less time you use in developing, the more time that you have to get feedback from users.

Third-party integration

When choosing a tech stack, you should ensure that it allows third-party integration. This will allow you to integrate it into the features that you need into the mobile application or web.

Developer Availability

To create a great web application, you need a team that is experienced. The developers you choose should comfortably use the tools you pick out.


Before you make a decision, you should run a test on the platform that you choose. The tech stack you choose should be easy to use; you should be able to change features and fix bugs within a short time.

Top Four Trending Tech Stacks 2020

There are so many tech stacks out there that choosing one can be challenging. Here are some of the top trending essential tech stacks in 2020:

–   The MEAN Stack

This is an end-to-end JavaScript, and you use a single language with the entire stack, which allows the use of one language. This stack will enable you to use one code across the application; all its technologies are open source and free.

–   The MERN Stack

This stack is similar to MEAN and uses React. React uses JSX, which enables smooth component work. React is a popular framework used in developing high-end, single-page applications.

–   The MEVN Stack

This stack uses Vue as a front-end framework. This is a lightweight solution when compared to Angular. Vue.js combines the best features of React and Angular to improve performance with a few sets of tools.

–   The LAMP Stack

The LAMP is a classical stack that is common in the delivery of web applications. It is a favorite among many because of its simplicity, stability, and the power that accompanies the stack.

Note that you will need to update your tech stack from time to time. So be on the lookout for better versions of your tech stack or new products that are performing better.

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